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Ecclesiastes 9: The Wisdom of Christ

This article was published on Christian Today

I wonder whether, if at school we offered a class entitled Wisdom 101, there would be any takers? It seems as though education in the West has shifted from teaching students the basics of how to think (literacy, philosophy, language, numeracy, reason and logic) to teaching them what to think.

Education used to be a case of cramming as much information into people’s heads as possible, but now in the era of Wikipedia and Google, who needs memories? So education has largely become social engineering – preparing pupils for the Brave New World of the social class they were assigned at birth. Money buys a better education and money buys degrees. Everything is about the economy, stupid.


Perhaps we live in a meritocracy, where the intelligent and hardworking are rewarded and the cream rises to the top? As I have occasionally heard some Christians argue, the poor are poor because of their bad choices. I guess Jesus was then really saying, ‘The stupid you will always have with you.’ God preserve us from such callous arrogance.

But the Bible and Solomon come with a different perspective. Knowing facts is one thing, knowing what to do with those facts is another. The former is information, the latter is wisdom. The former is value free, the latter is value dependent. The former Alexa or Siri can do. The latter, only humans made in the image of God can manage.

Solomon talks a great deal about the advantage of wisdom. In this week’s passage (Ecclesiastes 9:13-18) he tells a story of a poor man who could (or did) save a city. It is a small city with a few inhabitants against a great king – a real David versus Goliath situation. The poor man saved the city by his wisdom; a happy ending.

But while wisdom can work in the short run, in the long run it is meaningless. No one paid attention to him. No one remembered. So what is the point? Whether you are strong, wise or even rich, what difference does it make?

Another possibility in terms of the translation is that the poor wise man was not listened to at all. He could have saved the city but because he was poor, he was not listened to and so the city was lost.

I think this is a parable for our times. We live in a culture where the wealthy, the powerful and those who make the most noise are the ones listened to. In a world which seems to rely on experts it appears that our experts are self-selected from a relatively small group of people. If you look at the composition of government boards, panels and committees, you are very likely to see the same names coming up again and again. Perhaps it is because they really are wise, but I suspect that more often than not it is because of their connections. I wonder if we sometimes operate in that way in the church? Is who you know more important that what you know?

Perhaps we need to remember that the quiet words of the wise are better than the shouting of the foolish rulers. ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One of Israel, says: “In repentance and rest is your salvation, in quietness and trust is your strength, but you would have none of it”‘ (Isaiah 30:15). But it often goes the opposite way – verbosity and power may triumph against quiet wisdom. The strong are listened to and assumed to be wise, the poor are ignored. When a society or church behaves in this way it is to the loss of all.

The quiet words of the wise are more to be heeded
than the shouts of a ruler of fools.
Wisdom is better than weapons of war,
but one sinner destroys much good (Ecclesiastes 9:17).

Here is the depressing thing that Solomon has discovered. Wisdom is better than weapons of war, but wisdom is easily defeated. Why? Because of sin and immorality. In the Bible wisdom is always tied in with the fear of the Lord, holiness, love and righteousness. The problem is that even when our rulers may know the right thing to do – they don’t do it because of hubris, pride, fear and sin.

That is why the nation is blessed when its rulers know the Lord. Not because he gives them a political master plan, but rather because knowing the Lord they avoid the traps of foolishness and govern according to the light and wisdom they have.

In the New Testament this perspective on wisdom is built upon, most notably by Paul in 1 Corinthians 1: 20-25, where he asks ‘Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?’ and says, ‘For the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength.’

When the rich and powerful hear the cross preached to them they are horrified. They don’t mind if someone tells them that Jesus died as an example so that we can save the world by our love.

How did God make foolish the wisdom of the world? By sending his son to die for our sins so that we might be saved. When the rich and powerful hear the cross preached to them they are horrified. They don’t mind if someone tells them that Jesus died as an example so that we can save the world by our love. But when the good news is preached that Jesus died on the cross in our place for our sins the reaction is often bitter: ‘I don’t need someone to die for me! That’s ridiculous! How dare you?’ We dare because it is the truth. The cross may be offensive to the world but it is life, and health and peace to those who are being saved.

Ecclesiastes 9: Time and chance, and why we can’t always get what we want


  1. Some great knowledge and disclosure. Wisdom of God and life is so important true. All of our lives should be centered in the wisdom of God and his word. God’s wisdom has withstood all the tests of time and it continues to trump Men and Women’s wisdom. He is thee absolute. Great blog post.

  2. “We live in a culture where the wealthy, the powerful and those who make the most noise are the ones listened to. ”

    Yes – and when has “culture” been anything other than like this? Naturally we all want to be rich, powerful and our voice be heard and will want to win at all cost. Should it therefore be any surprise that “culture” elevates anyone that is such?

    Perhaps something might be worth considering could be that given that this nature or temptation to be this way exists in all of us, how might we engage for the better.

    Indeed those with wisdom are vital to functioning society. To be so therefore and be effective is to acknowledge there will be opposition.

    Great spirits must be willing and able to tolerate being mocked, misunderstood and hated.

  3. Ecclesiastes is a great text, the author was heavily influenced by Greek philosophy like Epicureanism and Stoicism according to mainstream scholarship who date it between 330 BC and 180 BC. Perhaps one of the most influential books of the West, thanks David for highlighting it.

  4. @Steve
    Certainly there are sections of Ecclesiastes that chime with other schools of philosophy, but the overall message doesn’t. Ecclesiastes is the multi-genre Bible’s preeminent philosophical text, yet it shows how the main philosophical ideas on their own are insufficient to explain ultimate meaning: it shows the limits of philosophy, and how philosophy (wisdom) done correctly collapses into a life lived in obedience to God’s word. “Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man”, and shortly prior to this, “The sayings of the wise are like goads, and like nails firmly fixed are the collected sayings which are given by one Shepherd”. It is a folly to try and outphilosophise God.

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