Does the EU have Nazi or Communist Foundations? -The Great Deception – Part 3

“We are perhaps more interested in Europe than other countries need to be” Adolf Hitler, speech at Nuremberg Rally, 1937

“The problem which must first be solved as the final abolition of the division of Europe into sovereign national states. Without this, any progress will be appearance only.” Altiero Spinelli – The Ventotene Manifesto, 1941

“A Europe without frontiers can make proper use of its communications” Josef Goebbels

A United Europe

Chapter two of The Great Deception is as fascinating as any of the chapters in the book. Sometimes there have been attempts to link the current European Union with the Nazi ideas of a united Europe. This is understandable given that the Nazis spoke of a European economic community and a common currency, but it is fundamentally mistaken, because it does not recognise that the roots of the EU were long before the Nazis.

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In 1942 Europe was more united than ever before. From the North Cape to southern Greece, from Brittany to 2000 miles to the Caucasus 2,000 miles in the East – there was political unity. The foreign minister Ribbentrop and the German economist wanted to set up a European Confederation but Hitler was opposed. More interesting was the proposal of Hitler’s finance minister, Walther Funk, who wanted to set up a Europaische Wirtschaftgemeinschafet (European Economic Community) with a single currency.

Goebbels saw the value of such pro-European propaganda. In June 1944 Vichy France’s

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French Waffen SS

Secretary of State declared: “ We will help Germany on every front and in every way to preserve the West, its enlightenment, its culture, its traditions”.  50,000 non-Germans from every part of Europe fought on the Eastern front, under the Waffen SS, in the belief that they were serving the European ideal, rather than Germany.  This was not to be the last time that Euro- nationalism or populism was to rear its ugly head!

Other right-wingers were very keen on a united EU. Mussolini’s finance minister Alberto Di Stefani wrote: “nationalities do not form a sound basis for the planned new order…. There is only hope for peace by means of a process which on the one hand respects the inalienable, fundamental patrimony of every nation but, on the other, moderates and subordinates them to a continental policy… A European Union could not be subject to the variations of internal policy that are characteristic of liberal regimes”

The Norwegian Nazi Quisling: “we must create a Europe that does not squander its blood and strength in internecine conflict, but forms a compact unity. In this way it will become richer, stronger and more civilised, and will recover its old place in the world”

But whatever the dreams of some of the Nazi thinkers, the reality was that Hitler was opposed. After he came to power in 1933 his only interest in a united Europe was as an expression of German power and culture.

Euro-Federalism Reborn

But the Second World War did have a tremendous impact on the eventual formation of the EU. In particular the idea of Euro-federalism was boosted. The idea that international peace could not be maintained as long as sovereign national states existed, became ever stronger. It was argued that federalism was the best way to prevent war. Ironically it was the Munich agreement of 1938 which inspired the setting up in Britain of the Federal Union – an organisation committed to a federal Europe – especially the unification of France and Great Britain into one political entity after the coming war. They gained over 100,000 members and had the support of Halifax and Chamberlain.

Meanwhile Salter who had become professor at the University of Oxford and John download-1Maynard Keynes, the economist also argued for a federal Europe. After the fall of France in 1940 Monnet saw a great opportunity and convinced Charles de Gaulle that the plans for a Franco British union should be implemented immediately. The British were keen for this, but Renaud and Petain in the French and Vichy governments rejected it on the grounds that it would be enslaving France to Great Britain – and so the first great opportunity for some kind of federal Europe disappeared.

Proving as ever that in history it is the influence of individuals which counts, Salter was then appointed by Churchill to head a British mission to Washington. Whilst he was there he established friendships and influence, which meant that after the war the Americans were particularly keen on the notion of a European common market.

In 1943 Monnet wrote this revealing memo for the French government in exile –

“prosperity and vital social progress will remain elusive until the nations of Europe form a federation of a ‘European entity” which will force them into a single economic unit… Our concern is a solution to the European problem. The British, the Americans, the Russians have worlds of their own into which they can temporarily retreat. France cannot opt out, for her very existence hinges on a solution to the European problem….”

The Italian Communist Founding Father of the EU

Whilst I don’t think it can feasibly be argued that the EU was a product of the Nazis, it is true that it was anti-fascism that provided the strongest driving force behind the idea of a united Europe – especially the Italian Communists. One of their main leaders, Altiero download-2Spinelli, left them and became a committed Euro-federalist.  He is now recognised as one of the founding fathers of the EU.  (later on before his death in 1986 he was to become a member of the European Commission for six years,  and a member of the European Parliament for ten years  The main building of the European Parliament in Brussels is named after him). He wrote Ventotene Manifesto – towards a Free and united Europe. This is an influential and important text in the European movement. He saw a United States of Europe with its own constitution and Armed Forces. What is particularly interesting is the means by which he wanted to achieve this.

“during the revolutionary crisis, this movement will have the task of organising and guiding progressive forces, using all the popular bodies which form spontaneously… Waiting to be guided. It derives its vision and certainty of what must be done from the knowledge that it represents the deepest needs of modern society and not from any previous recognition by popular will, as yet non-existent. In this way it issues the basic guidelines of the new order… By this dictatorship of the revolutionary party a new state will be for, and around the state new, genuine democracy will grow.”

The people were not to be involved in the construction of this new state. Popular assent would be sought only when the project was all but complete. This ‘playbook’ was the one that was used to found the EU. Its basic principles were anti- nationalist (therefore anti the national state) and anti-democratic.   National parliaments are in the Western liberal democratic tradition elected by the people. But Spinelli wanted a kind of benign dictatorship of the elite. His aims were good – social justice, individual well-being of the citizen, but the means for it to be achieved was not through democratic freedom, but from top-down imposition that could be given the fig leaf of democratic justification by later votes. This was, and remains, the main basis of the EU. A supranational (as opposed to inter-governmental) body, run by the elites, for the benefit of everybody.

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The Altiero Spinelli building in the EU Parliament in Brussels

Spinelli and his associates in various countries argued that their aim of social justice and so on could not be fulfilled “unless the different countries of the world agreed to go beyond the dogma of the absolute sovereignty of the state and unite in a single federal organisation.” Spinelli’s vision and ideals were to play a great part in the formation of the European Union – almost 40 years after he wrote them.

So we have now seen that the EU was not a Nazi or Fascist plot; nor was it a communist one.  But it was a federalist view which had as two of its founding principles – opposition to the national State, and opposition to democracy – the rule of the people.  It was…and is….a fundamentally elitist organisation (which is of course why the elites love it!!.

Part four next week – The failed post war attempts to set up the EU.

The Origins of the EU – Greek Workers, UK Remainers and Jean Monnet – (The Great Deception – Part 2)

The Great Deception – Part 1

 

7 thoughts on “Does the EU have Nazi or Communist Foundations? -The Great Deception – Part 3

  1. So to cover for the directionless Brexit fiasco and the clueless efforts at its implementation, what we need as another round of Project Fear. Completely irrelevant anecdotes of course, as the UK government always had a veto over any political expansion. Just like the last effort of appealing to TTIP as the crucial reason – except now it’s been ditched by the EU, while something similar is likely to be implemented by your Brexit Government. Following the faith approach, your conclusion comes first – in this case EU=liberal=evil=stop at all costs. What passes for “reasoning” is a bunch of cherry-picked excuses to support your faith without any dispassionate analysis; if one looks bad just wheel out another, only the faith is constant – meaning that any serious discussion is impossible. Like what exactly has the EU implemented to UK government opposition that you are so angry about? We still don’t know!

    But why bother? Because the economic costs are going to be significant with the poorest hit hardest. And that won’t fit with your incessant virtue-signalling. So you desperately need to delude yourself that you’re not responsible. Fortunately self-delusion is your one real area of expertise…

    1. I think you’ll find tha tProject Fear is the hysteria that is telling us we are all doomed if we leave the EU (the same Project Fear that told us Scots we would be doomed if we left the UK – which makes it doubly ironic that the SNP leadership now endorses and uses Project Fear Mark 2!). It also helps if you are going to mock and be superior to get your facts right!

      80% of EU laws are not subject to veto.

      I never stated that the EU = evil and Brexit = good. My view is that all systems are screwed and complex.

      The faith approach applies just as much, if not more, to those who, despite all the evidence, continue to place their in the EU as Nirvana.

      If you actually bothered to read the article (and big things like books – even those who disagree with your position) you might actually be able to present your case with a little more intelligence and reason…as it is it just comes across as a rant.

      You want to know what the EU has imposed upon us that I object to – I have listed it in several places – but start with CAP and CFP.

      Like all Remainers you state that your concern is for the poor who in general are according to you too stupid to realise that voting against Brexit was just harming them…..whilst the nice Middle classes were not voting to protect their middle class EU subsidies, but were actually voting for the EU out of concern for the poor! Talk about blind. faith!

      Would you like to say where the ‘virtue signalling’ was in anything I said? Maybe next time you comment on an article here – first you should read it and then you should comment on something in it…don’t just rant your own prejudices…you can do that on your own space…

  2. I’m not sure how much enthusiasm for ‘the European ideal’ motivated non-German membership of the Waffen SS. I would have thought that ‘anti-Bolshevism’ was a more potent factor.
    As far as the anti-Brexit rant of your contributor goes, it is a little short on facts, is it not? (Actually the username of the contributor is a big give-away.) So here are some facts, taken from Guido Fawkes website:
    The new Treasury-led Brexit forecasts have to be read in the context of their record at predicting what would happen in the immediate aftermath of a Leave vote.
    The HMT prediction for GDP 3 months after the referendum was that “the UK economy would fall into recession” and contract up to -1%. It grew +0.5% in this period.
    The Treasury told us: “The analysis shows that immediately following a vote to leave the EU, the economy would be pushed into a recession, with four quarters of negative growth.” The reality has been positive growth every single quarter since.
    HMT forecast that in the two years following a Leave vote GDP would fall between -3% and -6%. GDP grew by 1.9% in 2016 and 1.8% in 2017, with better than expected growth in the final quarter. There is now no recession forecast.
    On unemployment, they infamously said it would rise by between 500,000 and 820,000 in the immediate aftermath of the referendum. Unemployment fell again last week to a four-decade low.
    And the Treasury said government borrowing would rise by up to £39 billion immediately after the vote. Instead borrowing for the financial year to date is down12% on the same period last year. That’s the lowest year-to-date total since 2007.

  3. “1942 Europe was more united than ever before. “

    Nicely glossing over the warfare, occupations, and attempted industrial genocide.

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